Sheep make their way in the fire grounds near Bega, News South Wales, Australia January 8, 2020. REUTERS/Alkis Konstantinidis
Sheep make their way in the fire grounds near Bega, News South Wales, Australia January 8, 2020. REUTERS/Alkis Konstantinidis

Australia sufre una de sus más grande crisis ambientales. Los números son dramáticos. Los incendios -algo recurrente para esta época del año- han alcanzado niveles nunca vividos: 24 personas han perdido la vida, varios de ellos, bomberos, que se transformaron en héroes, 1.588 casas destruidas, 5.500.000 hectáreas arrasadas por el fuego y 500 millones de animales muertos.

El país sufre una fuerte a ola de calor con temperaturas récord desde hace tres meses. La temperatura promedio fue de 41,9 grados centígrados. Abrumador incluso para una población acostumbrada a este contexto. En las próximas semanas las condiciones no variarán demasiado.

Rural Fire Service (RFS) crews engage in property protection of a number of homes along the Old Hume Highway near the town of Tahmoor as the Green Wattle Creek Fire threatens a number of communities in the southwest of Sydney, Australia, December 19, 2019. AAP Image/Dean Lewins/via REUTERS
Rural Fire Service (RFS) crews engage in property protection of a number of homes along the Old Hume Highway near the town of Tahmoor as the Green Wattle Creek Fire threatens a number of communities in the southwest of Sydney, Australia, December 19, 2019. AAP Image/Dean Lewins/via REUTERS

A esto se suma sequía prolongada y fuertes vientos que alimenta el fuego. Se registraron ráfagas de hasta 96 kilómetros por hora. Esto permitió que las llamas se expandieran rápidamente.

A dead Australian native bird is seen washed up amongst ash and fire debris on Boydtown Beach near the Nullica River in Eden, Australia January 7, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A dead Australian native bird is seen washed up amongst ash and fire debris on Boydtown Beach near the Nullica River in Eden, Australia January 7, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Black ash and fire debris is washed up on Boydtown Beach and the banks of the Nullica River in Eden, Australia January 7, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy
Black ash and fire debris is washed up on Boydtown Beach and the banks of the Nullica River in Eden, Australia January 7, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy
This January 4, 2020, satellite natural color image released by Maxar Technologies shows smoke from wildfires east of Orbost, Australia. - Skies turned black and ash rained down as fires raged across southeastern Australia on January 4, threatening power supplies to major cities and prompting the call-up of 3,000 military reservists. (Photo by HO / Satellite image �2020 Maxar Technologies / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT
This January 4, 2020, satellite natural color image released by Maxar Technologies shows smoke from wildfires east of Orbost, Australia. - Skies turned black and ash rained down as fires raged across southeastern Australia on January 4, threatening power supplies to major cities and prompting the call-up of 3,000 military reservists. (Photo by HO / Satellite image �2020 Maxar Technologies / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Satellite image �2020 Maxar Technologies" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS - The watermark may not be removed/cropped
A kangaroo jumps in a field amidst smoke from a bushfire in Snowy Valley on the outskirts of Cooma on January 4, 2020. - Up to 3,000 military reservists were called up to tackle Australia's relentless bushfire crisis on January 4, as tens of thousands of residents fled their homes amid catastrophic conditions. (Photo by SAEED KHAN / AFP)
A kangaroo jumps in a field amidst smoke from a bushfire in Snowy Valley on the outskirts of Cooma on January 4, 2020. - Up to 3,000 military reservists were called up to tackle Australia's relentless bushfire crisis on January 4, as tens of thousands of residents fled their homes amid catastrophic conditions. (Photo by SAEED KHAN / AFP)
A fire blazes across bush as seen from Mount Tomah in New South Wales, Australia December 15, 2019 in this still image obtained from social media video. NSW RFS – TERRY HILLS BRIGADE/via REUTERS THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES.
A fire blazes across bush as seen from Mount Tomah in New South Wales, Australia December 15, 2019 in this still image obtained from social media video. NSW RFS – TERRY HILLS BRIGADE/via REUTERS THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES.
Rural Fire Service (RFS) volunteers and NSW Fire and Rescue officers fight a bushfire encroaching on properties near Termeil, Australia, December, 3, 2019. Picture taken December 3, 2019. AAP Image/Dean Lewins/via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVE. AUSTRALIA OUT. NEW ZEALAND OUT. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Rural Fire Service (RFS) volunteers and NSW Fire and Rescue officers fight a bushfire encroaching on properties near Termeil, Australia, December, 3, 2019. Picture taken December 3, 2019. AAP Image/Dean Lewins/via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVE. AUSTRALIA OUT. NEW ZEALAND OUT. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Fire and Rescue NSW team give water to a koala as they rescue it from fire in Jacky Bulbin Flat, New South Wales, Australia November 21, 2019 in this picture obtained from social media. Picture taken November 21, 2019. PAUL SUDMALS/via REUTERS THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES.
Fire and Rescue NSW team give water to a koala as they rescue it from fire in Jacky Bulbin Flat, New South Wales, Australia November 21, 2019 in this picture obtained from social media. Picture taken November 21, 2019. PAUL SUDMALS/via REUTERS THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES.
This handout photo released by Fire & Rescue NSW on April 16, 2018 shows a fireman holding a koala that was rescued from a bushfire on April 14, 2018 from the Liverpool Military Area, an army base in the southwest Sydney suburbs of Holsworthy and Moorebank. Hundreds of firefighters were battling a large bushfire that burnt near Sydney homes, with authorities saying it was
This handout photo released by Fire & Rescue NSW on April 16, 2018 shows a fireman holding a koala that was rescued from a bushfire on April 14, 2018 from the Liverpool Military Area, an army base in the southwest Sydney suburbs of Holsworthy and Moorebank. Hundreds of firefighters were battling a large bushfire that burnt near Sydney homes, with authorities saying it was "miraculous" no homes were damaged and no-one was injured. / AFP PHOTO / Fire & Rescue NSW / FIRE & RESCUE NSW

Hacia septiembre ya se preveía que serían devastadores, aunque no parecían proyectar la actual devastación.

Foto del miércoles del aborigen local Anthony Thomas en la casa de su tío arrasada por los incendios en Kiah, Australia. Ene 8, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy
Foto del miércoles del aborigen local Anthony Thomas en la casa de su tío arrasada por los incendios en Kiah, Australia. Ene 8, 2020. REUTERS/Tracey Nearmy

Algunos expertos estiman que la cantidad de animales muertos producto de los incendios, incluidas mascotas y ganado, superaría a los 500 millones. Por otra parte, cientos de miles de especies de fauna nativa heridas y desplazadas.

La Animal Rescue Craft Guild dijo el lunes que les ha llegado una avalancha de ofertas de ayuda después de hacer un llamado a voluntarios para hacer chales para murciélagos, bolsas para canguros, nidos de pájaros, mitones de koala y otras prendas para marsupiales.

El fuego aún no fue controlado por lo que los especialistas estiman que el avance de los incendios podría dejar más de 800 millones de animales muertos y que no le sorprendería que ya se haya llegado a los mil millones.

(Con fotos de Reuters, AFP y EFE)